Personal profile: 

Kumar Anupam

• E-mail:

• Mobile: +31-626494762

• Address: 85, Oostlaan, Pijnacker, 2641DV, The Netherlands 


Dr. Kumar Anupam is an assistant professor in the Section of Pavement Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. He is actively involved in teaching courses such as Micromechanical modelling of AC, Continuum Mechanics and Pavement Construction and Maintenance. 

His research activities are related but not limited to performance-based big-data analytics; tire-pavement interactions and micromechanical modeling of AC. He has been involved in 

several international projects which include FP7 EU projects and projects in the middle east. In national projects, he works in close cooperation with the Rijkswaterstraat, the Netherlands. He is a co-editor of Functional Pavement Design IV: Proceedings of the 4th Chinese - European Workshop on Functional pavement Design, CRC Press and Advances in Materials and Pavement Prediction: Papers from the International, CRC Press. He is an 

active member of the ISAP, TRB, APSE, iSMARTi and serves on the editorial board member of IJPE. Dr. Anupam holds a Bachelor's degree from Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee, India and PhD degree from National University of Singapore, 




• National University of Singapore, Singapore 

2006 - 2011 Ph.D. in Transportation Engineering 


• Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee (IIT-R), India,

2000 – 2004 Bachelor of Technology in Civil Engineering



• Position held : Assistant Professor 

Name of the school: Delft University of Technology

(Web site: ) 

Duration: 2016 – present 

Experience: Please refer to Related Project descriptions


• Position held : PostDoc 

Name of the school: Delft University of Technology

(Web site: ) 

Duration: 2012 – 2016 (4 years and 6 months+)

Experience: Please refer to Related Project descriptions 


• Position held : Structural design engineer 

Name of the company : Total Environment Building Systems 

(Web site: ) 

Duration: 2004 – 2006 (over 2 years)

Experience: Handled structural design of various elements of multi- story structures. Looked after the planning and scheduling of running projects.


Selected Publications:  

• Anupam,K. and Fwa,T.F (2007). “Investigation of Applying Outflow Meter for Skid Resistance Assessment” 5th ASIA PACIFIC CONFERENCE, Singapore. Washington D.C. 

• Anupam,K. and Fwa,T.F (2008). “Study Of Hydroplaning Speed With Variation of Tire Inflation Pressure For Smooth Tire Using Analytical  Modeling”. First International Conference on Transport Infrastructure. 

• Anupam, K.;Fwa,T.F.;Ong,G.P. (2009). “Pavement Grooving and Vehicle Hydroplaning”. Transportation Research Board Compendium of Papers. Washington D.C. 

• Kumar,S. and Anupam, K.(2009). “Study Of Effect Of Tire V-Tread Pattern On Vehicle Hydroplaning Risk Using Analytical Modeling”. 6th ASIA PACIFIC CONFERENCE, China. 

• Fwa,T.F.; Anupam, K.; Kumar,S.; Ong,G.P. (2009). “Effectiveness of Tire-Tread Patterns in Reducing the Risk of Hydroplaning”. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, volume 2094/2099, pp. 91-102

• Fwa,T.F.; Anupam, K.; Ong,G.P. (2009). “Relative Effectiveness of Grooves in Tire and Pavement in Reducing Vehicle Hydroplaning Risk”. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, volume 2155, DOI:

• Kumar,S.; Anupam, K.; Fwa,T.F.(2010). “Analyzing Effect of Tire Groove Patterns on Hydroplaning Speed”. Journal of Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies.

• Srirangam, S.K.; Scarpas, A. and Kasbergen, C and Anupam, K.(2012)“Numerical investigation of the effect of hydroplaning on braking and directional stability of passenger car tires”, 6th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS-2012)

• Srirangam, S.K.; Anupam, K.; Scarpas, A. and Kasbergen, C.(2012) “Study of Hydroplaning Risk on Rolling and Sliding Passenger Car”, SIIV Roma MMXII- 5th International Congress

• Anupam, K.; Srirangam; S.K., Scarpas, A. and Kasbergen, C.(2013). “Influence of Temperature on Tire-Pavement Friction-II: Analysis”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of Transportation Research Board, volume 2369-13. 


• Srirangam, S.K.; Anupam, K.; Scarpas, A. and Kosters, A. (2013) “Influence of Temperature on Tire-Pavement Friction-I: Laboratory Tests and Finite Element Modeling”, Transportation Research Board Compendium of Papers. Washington D.C. 

• Srirangam, S.K.; Anupam, K.; Scarpas, A. and Kasbergen, C. (2013) “Hydroplaning of Rolling Tires under Different Operating Conditions”, Airfield and Highway Pavement 2013: pp. 561-572.doi: 10.1061/9780784413005.045

• Srirangam, S.K.; Anupam, K.; Scarpas, A. and Kasbergen, C. (2014). “Development of a Thermomechanical Tire-Pavement Interaction Model”, Journal of Pavement Engineering, volume 16, pp. 721-729

• Srirangam, S.K.; Anupam, K.; Scarpas, A.; Kasbergen, C and Kane, M. (2015). “Safety Aspects of Wet Asphalt Pavement Surfaces Through Field and Numerical Modeling Investigations”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of Transportation Research Board, volume 2446, pp. 37-51

• Srirangam, S.K.; Anupam, K.; Kasbergen, C.; Scarpas, A. and Cerezo, V. (2015). “Study of Influence of Operating Parameters on Braking Friction and Rolling Resistance”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of Transportation Research Board, DOI:10.3141/2525-09

• Anupam, K.; Srirangam, S.K.; Scarpas, A.; Kasbergen, C and Kane, M. (2015). “Study of Cornering Maneuvers of Pneumatic Tires on Asphalt Pavement Surfaces Using Finite Element Method”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of Transportation Research Board, volume 2457, pp. 129-139

• Tzimiris, G.; Liu, X.; Scarpas, A.and Anupam, K. (2015). “Prediction of fatigue life of membranes on orthotropic steel bridge decks”, Compendium of Transportation Research Board. 

• Chao, X.; Liu, X.; Scarpas, A.; Anupam, K. and Tan, Y. (2015). 

“Stabilization of Sand Soil with Polymer additives”, Compendium of Transportation Research Board.

• Srirangam, S.K.; Anupam, K.; Scarpas, A.; Kasbergen, C., and P. The (2015) “A Durability Analysis of Super-Quiet Pavement Structures”, TMS Middle East - Mediterranean Materials Congress on Energy and Infrastructure Systems (MEMA 2015), At Doha, Qatar. DOI: 10.1002/9781119090427.ch55

• Srirangam, S.K.; Anupam, K.; Casey, D.; Liu, X.; Kasbergen, C. and Scarpas, A. (2016). “Evaluation of Structural Performance of Poro-elastic Road Surfacing Pavement Subjected to Rolling Truck Tire Loads”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of Transportation Research Board, Accepted 

• Anupam, K.; Srirangam, S.K.; Varvery, A.; Liu, X.; Kasbergen, C and Scarpas, A. (2016). “Microstructural Analysis of Porous Asphalt Concrete Mix Subjected to Rolling Truck Tire Loads”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of Transportation Research Board, Accepted

• Kogbara, B.R.; Masad, E.; Kassem, E.; Scarpas, A. and Anupam, K.; (2016). “A state-of-the-art review of parameters influencing measurement and modeling of skid resistance of asphalt pavements”, Construction and Building Materials, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.04.002 

• T.Tang, K.Anupam, C.Kasbergen, and A.Scarpas. Study of Influence of Operating Parameters on Braking Distance. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. No.2641, 2017, pp. 139-148.

• K. Anupam, S.S. Kumar, C. Kasbergen, A. Scarpas, and M. Kane. Finite Element framework for the computation of runway friction of aircraft tires. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. No. 2641, 2017, pp. 126-138.

• S.K.Srirangam, K.Anupam, C. Kasbergen and A. Scarpas. Analysis of Asphalt Mix Surface-Tread Rubber Interaction by Using Finite Element Method. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition), 2017. PP. 395-402. 

• Xing, C., Tan, Yiqiu , Liu, X., K. Anupam and A. Scarpas. Research on local deformation property of asphalt mixture using digital image correlation. Constr. Build. Mater. 2017, vol. 140, 416–423.



a) International Journal of Pavement Engineering

b) Journal of Transportation Engineering: American Society of Civil Engineers

c) Construction and Building Materials

d) Wear - Journal


a) Co-editor of “Functional Pavement Design IV: Proceedings of the 4th 

b) Chinese - European Workshop on Functional pavement Design, CRC Press

Professional Societies

a) Secretary of the Executive board of Chinese-European Workshop, 2016 -ongoing

b) Co-Chair of 4th Workshop on: Advanced Testing and Characterization of Asphalt Surfacings on Steel Bridge Decks, 2016

c) Secretary of the executive board of Advances in Materials & Pavement Performance Prediction, 2018


a) Research Scholarship during PhD tenure.

b) Merit scholarship during undergraduate studies.

c) Best paper award in 2003 Indian Geotechnical Society Conference, India

Teaching experience

Course Lecturer/Instructor: 

a) International course on Micromechanical analysis of (Porous) Asphalt Concrete in Delft 2015

b) CIE5850 MSc course on “Pavement Construction and Maintenance” at TUDelft, since 2015

c) BSc Pavement Engineering practical at TU Delft, since 2013

d) Teaching assistant for 3rd year BSc course on transportation engineering, NUS, Singapore in 2007 – 2010


Course Coordinator and Lecturer:

a) CIE5871 MSc course on “Micromechanical Analysis of (Porous) Asphalt 

Concrete” at TUDelft

Invited Guest Speeches

a) Workshop on Skid resistance, 2016 , Qatar

b) 3rd Chinese-European Workshop, 2014, Germany

c) CROW Infradagen, 2014, The Netherlands

d) 4th Workshop on: Advanced Testing and Characterization of Asphalt Surfacings on Steel Bridge Decks, 2016, The Netherlands 

e) Effect of Tire Groove Volumes, Singapore Symposium of Pavement Technology, 2011, Singapore

Organization Skills

a) Secretary, 4th Chinese-European Workshop, 2016 

b) Secretary, International course on Micromechanical Analysis of (Porous) Asphalt Concrete”, in 2015 and 2017, at TUDelft


Related Projects:  


SKIDSAFE: Enhanced Driver Safety due to Improved Skid Resistance (2009-2013) 

The FP7 SKIDSAFE project constituted an attempt to examine at a more fundamental level the processes taking place at the interface between the pavement surface and the tire. The overall objective of SKIDSAFE was the development of a micro-mechanical, multi-physics computational tool for the prediction of the progressive loss of skid resistance as a function of the composition of the pavement surface and the deterioration of its characteristics with traffic loading.


a) Participating in a team and guiding a Ph.D. student in the development of tire-pavement Finite Element models to estimate wet Skid Resistance and critical Hydroplaning speeds for various pavement surface types. 

b) Development of a database with FEM analyses results, project laboratory data and field tests, on the basis of which formalistic relations were developed for long term pavement skid performance prediction.


Grip op Wegen: Influence of tire temperature increase on skid resistance measurements: tire laboratory tests & modeling aspects (2011-2012) 

The development of hysteretic heating in the rubber material of the tires of skid resistance evaluation vehicles can influence the values of measured friction and constitutes one of the main sources of uncertainty in interpreting the data of continuous field measurements. In this project, the effects of temperature increase on skid resistance measurements in a standard PIARC 

tire was investigated in the framework of the InfraQuest Grip op Wegen project.


Interacting with a Ph.D. student in the development of thermomechanical tire-pavement interaction Finite Element models to estimate the influence of temperature on Skid Resistance.


Airfield Monitor: Safer Monitoring of Runway conditions (2010-2014)

The FP7 Airfield Monitor project aimed to develop a novel system to support planning, control and assessment of airport runway and taxiway conditions,while significantly enhancing aviation safety. The system was based on comprising a mobile polarization and spectroscopy based optical sensor device, complemented by a stationary CMOS-based camera and combined with a methodology to calculate the friction index of runway surfaces under winter conditions. The realization of project objectives was to significantly reduce the overall cost of monitoring airport runways and at the same time enhance the aircraft safety.


Participating in a team to analyze the skid resistance data obtained from optical sensors and its utilization for the development of airport pavement surface condition indicators to warn the pilots about airstrip landing conditions.


PERS: A New Material for Ultra Quiet Road Surfaces (2014-ongoing)

The concept of super-quiet pavement layer is receiving a huge attention as a feasible noise-abatement measure than the conventional noise barriers. A new type of noise reducing surface called poroelastic road surfacing (PERS) which is made of rubber granules from recycled car tires bound with a synthetic resin and laid over an existing pavement structure can be more effective and sustainable solution than the other noise reducing surfaces like 

porous asphalt. However, it is very important to ascertain the durability of PERS and its bonding layer against high traffic and high load intensities. In this project, an FE layered pavement model shall be developed which comprise of PERS as a top layer bonded to a conventional asphalt pavement system by using an adhesive layer and a truck tire with a given operating conditions shall be allowed to roll over this pavement structure. 


Supervising a Ph.D. student in the development of tire-PERS pavements interaction Finite Element models to understand and predict the behavior of the given PERS material.


Asphalt bridge deck project : LINTRACK tests (2010-2015)

The InfraQuest project was to look at the distress problems that have been widely reported between the surfacing layers and the decks of steel bridges. The severity of the problem is more often enhanced by the considerable increase in traffic in terms of a number of trucks and heavier wheel loads. Innovative methodologies offer opportunities to mitigate material response 

degradation and fatigue related problems in this type of layered structures contributing thus to a significant extension of the service life of steel bridges. The idea was to test the top selected membranes with the Accelerated Pavement Testing device (LINTRACK), and not by field calibration which requires unrealistically long testing times but, which is also costly, interferes with traffic (especially if dramatic failures occur) and is prone to unexpected weather conditions and traffic loadings. Accelerated pavement testing by means of equipment like LINTRACK provides an alternative which, in most circumstances, addresses these issues.


a) Coordination of LINTRACK repair maintenance activities with third party companies to make LINTRACK functional again.

b) Participation in instrumentation & data collection plan development

c) Participation in the development team of a new in-situ shear displacement measuring transducer

d) Organizing the collection of voluminous amounts of real time data, post-processing it and presenting it in a form that in combination with item “e” below can be used for long term performance prediction

e) In parallel with item “d” above, Finite Element simulations for in depth understanding of certain aspects of the layered structure under various loading conditions 

f) Participation in reporting activities

g)Participation in LINTRACK modification plan & redesign to enable it to simulate skidding behavior during tire-pavement interaction and bring it closer to real life situations.


Thermo-Mechanical Tire-Pavement Interaction: Computational Modelling and Field Measurements (2015 – ongoing)

The project is jointly carried out by Texas A&M in Qatar, the University of Idaho in the USA and Delft University of Technology and was awarded by NPRP 7-482-2-184 Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF). The project aims to develop an approach to account for the influence of asphalt pavement temperature on skid resistance measurements in the state of Qatar. This will be achieved on the basis of laboratory tests, field tests, and advanced computational techniques. The particular advantage of this approach is that the tire-pavement friction coefficient is not a required input parameter but the result of the analysis itself. Thus for any given pavement surface the influence of environmental and operating conditions on skid resistance can be evaluated and quantified.


a) Participating in the writing of the proposal

b) Developing a state of art instrumentation system capable of measuring temperature development inside the tire cross section. 

c) Supervising a Ph.D. student in the development of Finite Element models under Qatar situation 

d) Looking after the progress of the overall project by coordinating with all the partners.




Web design: 

a) Continuous monitoring and enhancement of the Pavement Engineering 

Section website

b) Helping lecturers in developing online Examination and Quiz systems

c) Development of a web based system for online submission of articles and 

their reviewing process for the 4th Chinese-European Workshop